They are medium-sized and well-proportioned with a wedge-shaped head and alert, pointed ears. The coat is short but double with the outer coat being harsh. They come in various colours.
They were originally bred in Israel to herd and protect sheep but have proved very useful in mine detection with the army since then too.
This highly intelligent dog likes to be kept active in body and brain and can excel at obedience and agility. Their natural instinct is to defend and protect, they are naturally wary of strangers although loyal to their families. They often have to be trained to not be aggressive towards other dogs and other animals. They need a lot of physical and mental exercise and can withstand extreme weather conditions.
The Canaan Dog's coat is easy to maintain although they shed heavily at certain times of the year. They have little odour and are generally very healthy.