The most obvious difference between the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is that the Cardigan has a long tail. Other differences are that their ears are a little larger and set wider, they have a slightly longer, heavier body, a less wedge-shaped head, round feet and less straight legs.
They are a fairly small dog with a well-proportioned head, body and tail but short legs giving them a stocky look. Their double coat, which can come in any colour with or without white markings, is thick and longer at the ruff, backs of legs and long tail.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the older of the two types of Corgi. They go back as far as 1200 and were used as a cattle herding dog. They were also called a "Yard dog" because their length to the tip of their tail is the same as a Welsh yard.
They are highly intelligent, trainable, adaptable, loving and loyal. They need to be taught not to bark too much and puppies will have a natural tendency to bite ankles but this can be trained out of them. They need to be socialised well with other animals and children and may be a little wary of strangers. They are an active dog that needs a good daily walk.
The water-resistant coat is easy to maintain with regular brushing and combing and occasional bathing. They are prone to PRA and glaucoma. They are also prone to back disorders and have a tendency to put on weight easily so it is important to avoid overfeeding as the added weight makes the back problems worse.